Adult


  • Keeping your blood glucose well controlled will help you feel better, more energetic and avoid hypoglycaemia, elevated blood ketones and hyperglycaemia. It also reduces your risk of developing further health problems associated with having prolonged high blood glucose levels.
  • Discuss with your healthcare professional and learn how to assess and track your blood glucose using a suitable meter. With that, you will also be able to gauge what makes your blood glucose rise and fall, and find ways to correct them.
  • Incorporate foods with a low glycaemic index (GI) into your diet as they give you a smoother level of blood glucose throughout the day, avoid hypos and keep your blood glucose from becoming too high.
  • Keep stress under control as it may cause your blood glucose to rise. Learn how to relax and take time off to exercise regularly.
  • In case you fall sick, make sure you consult with your healthcare professional to have a plan ready and in place. This is because you may need more insulin than normal to counter the effects of your illness.
Important Notice: Information provided is for general background purposes and is not intended as a substitute for medical diagnosis or treatment by a trained professional. You should always consult your physician about any health care questions you may have, especially before trying a new medication, diet, fitness program, or approach to health care issues.

Experts say most people diagnosed with diabetes should try to keep their blood glucose level as close as possible to the level of someone who doesn’t have diabetes. The closer to normal your blood glucose is, the lower your chances are of developing serious health problems.

Your health care team will help you learn how to reach your target blood glucose range. Your main health care providers are your doctor, nurse, diabetes educator, and dietitian.